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Employment Opportunities in Australia

How to identify employment opportunities in Australia.

This section, Identifying Employment  Opportunities in Australia, is extremely useful for getting information on your industry, where the jobs are, future employment trends and material to assist you to make a career choice or career move by;

  • Taking control of your career by researching industries and companies that have employment opportunities in your skill area or occupation/trade in Australia
  • Providing you with the latest employment market information to help you make a decision to immigrate to Australia.
  • Accessing research material to decide on which skills you need to learn in the future.
  • Gaining an insight into the labour market to identify potential employers / jobs

In this section you will also,

  • Learn to conduct employment market research in Australia.
  • Be able to develop an action plan to provide a framework for your career development or job search activities. See Action Plan

    It is strongly recommended that you look at what is in The Job Search Resource Centre  which is a précis of all the job search resources on this site and gives a step by step breakdown from step 1 - career assessment through the last step,  the job interview. This free unique job search information's aim is to assist you to get the job of  your choice.

Why bother with employment market research and action plans?

  • Being proactive and in control leads to a higher level of confidence.

  • Control the job search process by targeting your job search efforts making it more manageable.

  • Save you money and time - minimising overall job search time and reducing time spent unemployed.

  • You can find jobs in areas where there is less competition, increasing your chances of being hired.

  • Increasing your knowledge of your industry leads to better interview performance.

  • See what employer's want so you can address their needs more effectively to possibly gain an interview.  See Job Applications

By the time you have completed your labour market research, you will have a very good knowledge of employment opportunities available in Australia.

Don't get bogged down in research.

  • Don't overdo the market research at the expense of applying the knowledge.

  • Know when to stop and make sure your reading is relevant.

  • Decide how much time are you going to invest in your job search? 

  • Set goals with timeframes.

  • Write them down.

Get organised

Keep comprehensive records.


For more comprehensive information about developing an employment market research action plan  jump to  Develop an Action Plan


Conducting employment market research is not for everyone.

There are many people who will not want to do research because it is not the way their brain works. They can work better without structure. if you are one of these people don't worry. Do not stress yourself out by this method, just take what you need or want.


Just a word of warning.

If you haven't got any career goals or unsure of your marketable skills you might want to do a skills analysis. Prepare a précis of your unique skills, interests and values or take a test to re-affirm your career goals. Take the FREE online "Personal Career Analysis"


Before you start - Are you job ready?

See this article Are you job ready - What are your skills worth in the marketplace?  Having a focus will help you conduct a more effective and efficient targeted research.


How to conduct employment market research in Australia

 Employment opportunities can be found in so many resources. We have identified 24 valuable sources of information.

Research Sources

All resources provide information on career or job prospects. The information has been gathered for the Australian job market. However, other counties will have similar resources. If you are moving interstate, or making career decisions you must look at The Hudson Report.


The Hudson Report  (produced quarterly).
This comprehensive report provides labour / labor market statistics, employer recruitment expectations, employment trends and predictions of future labour / labor needs. It is broken up into each state.


The Hudson Report is also produced and published in various countries across the Asia Pacific region, with surveys also conducted throughout New Zealand, Hong Kong, Singapore, Japan and China.


The Hudson Report is an excellent resource for looking for job prospects in Australia, especially if you are deciding what areas to study or what skills to learn, and for immigration research. If you are thinking of migrating to Australia and unsure of which state to settle in this is very useful.

Utilise All Australian Government Resources

For latest research Download labour market statistics for 2012

Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations

Government Departments listed in this section have counterparts in all states, territories and countries such as The Department of Labor/Labour and Industry.  All other information is generic and unique to this site.The first stop is:-


The Australian Job Guide  (online)

The first source of information on career paths and job information is the Job Guide Australia published by the Australian Federal Government (Australia) yearly.

You can use the publication to see how many industries there are that use people with your skills/job classification. For example, the Job Guide  states that Call Centre Operators “work in a diverse range of industries such as banking, insurance, tourism, government agencies, utilities and telecommunication industries”. 


The Job Guide identifies the skills and education level needed for the job as well as providing training requirements and where to get accredited education or training as well as potential job prospects in Australia.


It also provides you with some Industry Associations where you can do further research (all have web sites) and also shows related jobs. For example, a related job for a Call Centre Operator is a Telemarketer. Further, it will advise you if there are any certified training courses available. 

This guide provides you with job descriptions for every job classification. It is unlikely that your job or preferred career is not listed in this guide. If not, you will need to do further research. The following information is just a guide.  It doesn’t mention trade journals which are an excellent source of information.  Most people will know of these resources if they belong to an occupation that produces industry journals. The Job Guide for Australia can be found online.

Department of Treasury and Finance

Provide monthly labour / labor force statistics under latest publications in the menu on the right hand side of the home page. They also provide wages/ salary information. These publications are useful for potential immigrants or anyone thinking of moving to Western Australia. Also they provide information on graduate career prospects as most government websites do. Remember to get a permanent job in Australian government departments you need to have citizenship. However there are a lot of contracted positions that you can take up, especially in IT and other specialised areas if you have the appropriate visa.


Department of Employment and Workplace Relations (Federal) Australia.

The most valuable employment market research for Australia, is the PDF file Australian Jobs (Updated yearly). On this revamped site there are several excellent resources. Just type in the search box "Employment Research and Statistics" for a range of reports including "Labour Market Analysis" - updated quarterly. You will find information on the labour market in your area and other interesting publications.  


Here you will get information on every topic of interest to the jobseeker. This includes occupations, industry and most importantly "where the jobs will be in the future.  It is particularly good for job seekers looking for career direction or a career change and for students planning their career, especially if they intend to live in regional areas.


All Australian Government Websites
Links to Commonwealth, State, Territory and Local Government websites.


The Department of Education and Training in Western Australia

This site another excellent resource for any other career or job information in Western Australia. They also have a Job Guide for Australia, although it is related about how to find jobs and provides job search information.



Australia’s national online career information and exploration service, helping people to make career decisions, plan career pathways and manage work transitions.  Funded by the Australian Government Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations. Incorporates 'Year 12 What Next' .


Each state/territory/country will have their own resources.  I know people rarely access this valuable data. I used it training for many years with a great deal of success. There are many categories to look at. See Jobs and Careers


See other State Education and Training Departments


Jobs in Local Government


Australian Local Government Association

This is an excellent source of information If you are looking for career opportunities in local government. It provides details of all Councils, along with details of State and Territory Associations and Commonwealth, State and Territory Local Government Departments. Select the ‘Links’ tab from the home page.


The Australian Local Government Job Directory is a weekly publication distributed Australia wide. Local Government offices all over Australia get the Directory every week - apart from its obvious career-related function, the Directory is also used by people in Local Government as a networking tool to keep in touch with what is happening in the industry on a weekly basis.


Jobs in State and Federal and Government /Agencies

The Government departments have websites that provide labour/labor market information, government projects and employment trends plus links to other sites. This is another excellent resource.


Australian Federal Government job site provides jobs and career information in all Departments or go to the Government Gazette home page and search for employment opportunities. (May be performing maintenance on weekends)


State Public Service  Jobs WA. See all the jobs available in the public service, the job requirements and salary. You can also sign up and be advised if a job comes up in your area registering with "email me jobs".  You can also use this site to see what qualification and experience is required to work in the State Public Service and how to apply. It also provides application information. You can also find information on jobs for Indigenous Australians in the Australian Public Service and graduate links. Closed jobs are still listed.


Other valuable information is the latest information about the Public Service Test, for employment in the public service and clerical entry level 1 information. However you must be an Australian citizen.


West Australian Government Agency Site

You will be surprised at the number of government agencies. The site contains direct links to each agency. Government Agencies 


Industry Groups


Australian Industry Group
The Australian Industry Group (Ai Group) is Australia’s leading industry organisation representing ten thousand employers in manufacturing, construction, automotive, telecommunications, IT, transport, labour hire and other industries. A.I. Group’s members operate businesses of all sizes throughout Australia and represent a broad and expanding range of sectors. (source: Deacon University)

Employers / Industry Associations

Employer Association may be able to assist you with job prospects in Australia if you ask in the right manner. You need to ask if they can provide you with information about your industry at this present time. They may know who is recruiting and who isn’t, which industries are downsizing and others that are growing, which is valuable employment information.  Some companies do not recruit for 10 years because their workplace is so stable – so why not eliminate them if you can.  Employer Associations can be found under some of the links under unions.


Employer / Recruitment Websites

It is imperative you find out as much about your industry as possible. It is the norm these days for large sized businesses and international companies to have a recruitment section or information regarding career opportunities within their organisation and perhaps in Australia on their website.  Do a "Google search".  You can even find job descriptions which are very useful to see if your skills match their requirements. A large majority of employers have graduate recruitment information. They will usually give you information about company values and what qualities they are looking for in their employees, so you can tailor your cold calling letter to their organisational culture.

Use the Google search box to look for job opportunities. If looking for an engineering graduate programme put in  Engineer+ graduate+ recruitment; for recruitment in HRM try recruitment+ human resource management +New South Wales;  graduate recruitment+finance + Western Australia; or just  job vacancies + Banking+ entry level + your state.  Experiment with different searches.  You can also find many job descriptions online that can help with your career planning.


     Use Key words only - upper or lower case and separate with and Add sign +

Custom Search



Gold Mines in Western Australia



Listed Companies

For larger listed companies (companies listed on the Stock Exchange) you can get a report though the Stock Exchange

If you are a high flyer and want to pursue job opportunities in Australia try the top international companies Fortune 500  Many have subsidiaries or contracts in Australia.

The Small Business Development Corporation (SMBDC) (WA)

SMDC has a book titled Directory of Australian Associations, which you can view. This will take some time. It is updated every three months and is not in your local library. Your state, Territory or country will have the equivalent.


Chamber of Commerce

Your local Chamber of Commerce may be able to help you with information about companies in your area. 


Business Enterprise Centres.

If you can’t get into the city many regional centres have a Business Enterprise Centre.  Although their mandate is to assist small business, the business advisors are usually very helpful and may be able to give you some advice. Most centres have a computer you can use. However, please note that each centre may operate differently. See further on where new migrants will have to relocate to regional areas.


Newspapers – read them with an employment goal in mind. 


Read all sections - Finance, Professional Appointments and Situations Vacant


Collect any information that tells you about a company. Use it to cold call, For example, if you see a mining company is recruiting a Project Officer you can investigate what is happening in that company.  Is there a new contract coming up? If so, when will they be recruiting, and how? Have they subcontracted out? If they have, who are they and how can you contact them?Look at the growth companies. Wait until they have completed recruitment for their current job vacancy before you contact them.


Also have a look at the "Tenders Section". Find out what tenders have been let by government and private companies for sub contractors. You can ring them at a reasonable time and see who won the tenders. They may be looking for staff.


Also note job vacancies placed by employment agencies/search firms and see what their specialist areas are. See cold calling



Phone books


Yellow Pages

Yellow pages research is useful for trades positions, semi-skilled workers and blue collar workers. It is a good resource if you do not have access to an internet for long periods.


Generally yellow pages are not as important to job search as they used to be. However, new immigration policies may confine you to a regional area with a much smaller populations. Businesses are smaller and they  may not have an online presence. Therefore they must be considered in your job search activities.


There is more to using the yellow pages than you may imagine.

For example, if you are a carpenter and are looking for companies to cold canvass that use carpenters where, would you look?

  • Think about the type of businesses that use carpenters. 

  • Brainstorm, write a list and then see if you can find the types of companies listed in the yellow pages.

Note the page numbers.  For example would a kitchen renovation company use a carpenter?  No, they use cabinet makers.  Builders use carpenters for formwork and in new homes for construction. You may find builders under Builders, or New Home Construction or a number of other entries.  However, carpenters are also used on bridges, dams, power stations and civil engineering construction and cross over all industries. The Australian Job Guide may also supply this information.   

  • Build a list of industries and then go through the yellow pages thoroughly to find possible employers. 

  • Think laterally and if you are not sure ring a company and they will be able to tell you what is the norm in the industry and may give you a lead.

If you have a Commerce Degree, for example, where in the yellow pages will you look for job prospects.  Firstly, you would have identified your employment strengths and may want to target companies who have positions in the following categories, for example.

  • Portfolio Management

  • Investment Advisor

  • Equity Dealer

  • Superannuation Consultancy

Using the yellow pages is not as simple as ABC and it will take you time to identify possible employers. However, once you have done this exercise, you are halfway to developing a targeting or action plan.


Universities/Colleges - Alumni Association websites


Always a good source for graduate career opportunities. Most universities keep in contact with former graduates via Alumni memberships and publish details of their career progression. These members would not share this information if they were not prepared to act as a contact/mentor within an industry. So utilise them as you would any other person within your network (see Networking).


Please remember that in Australia all companies with graduate programmes commence recruitment  for final year graduates early in the new year - March - June, sometimes as late as July.  Be prepared and have a good resume ready.




Unions - A Great Source of " Hidden” Job Opportunities. 

Not so relevant now in this industrial relations climate, but still worth a try.  By investigating which industry union covers your job classification, you can find a lot of information not usually sourced.   Some awards will give you information about the "respondents  to the awards" (employers), which will give you a list of companies to target. For example, a graphic artist, has  two different Federal Awards and if you can find out which unions covers these awards under Parties to the agreement/award you may be able to find out the Respondents to the agreement/award. (Employers)

This exercise can really open up you job search area. It will assist you to target companies that employ graphic artists, that are not clearly identified in the yellow pages under "graphic art".

Note, you may be covered by a State or Federal awards. So check both.

How to check the awards

The easiest way to find out the respondents is the check the actual award.  This can be done on-line by visiting the index link in the Western Australian Industrial Relations Commission website  Go to the awards link and you will see an alphabetical listing. Select the award from your list and the respondents (employers) are usually shown at the back or near the back of the awards. This is useful.  Note. You may miss the link it is over under the "Search Box"


As a trial, try searching for clerks (Commercial Social and Professional…)  Because clerks can be found across industries it will give you a start on some companies to contact.  Remember, they may longer exist.  Cleaner’s awards are also interesting examples to use to see how this tool can assist you to find employers, although some awards don’t show the respondents. Note that this is not the full lit of respondents; you will need to look at Workplace Agreements and Enterprise Agreement as well as Employer/Employee Agreements. However this will be for the committed researcher.


Agencies dealing with specialised recruitment


An excellent private sources of labour market trends and the job market plus job search firm is Ranstad


Australia, UK and USA


Diversity Working
Do you have special needs? These people specialise in this field.
Largest diversity job search engine for minority professionals and workers.



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On this page

How to conduct employment market research in Australia

Why conducting research is advisable.

How to get a government Job

Employment agencies dealing with specialised recruitment


Resume / Curriculum Vitae Writing Service
About Your Consultant
Examples of Resumes
Your LinkedIn Profile
Career Support Services
Career Development Resources
Career Development Articles
Career Information Sites


Job Search Assistance Services
Employment and Career Opportunities in Australia
Where To Find A Job
Recruitment Methods
How To Write Selection Criteria
Find a Job Through Networking
Develop and Implement a Career Network Plan
Cold Calling Tips
Job Interview : Tips
Interview Process : Questions and Answers
Job Search Resource
Job Search Articles
Job Application Letters
Job Application Letter - Using Marketing Techniques
How to Write a Business Letter
Application Letter- Advertised Job
Sample Job Applications
References/Referee reports
Small Business Services
Tender Preparation
Small Business Profile or Capability Statement
Small Business Resources
Business Information Sites








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